Help me study for my Philosophy class. Im stuck and dont understand.
Précis / Four-Sentence Summary Frame for Informational Text
Title of Selection: An Open Letter to College Students
Sentence 1 (Who/What?)
__________________in the ______________, _______________________________
(Authors Full Name) (A-noun) (Title of text)
_________________, _______________, that ___________________________
(B-verb)(Point of Article/Book etc )
Sentence 2 (How?)
_______________ supports his/her ____________ by ______________________
(Authors Last Name) (B-noun) (Cverb / used as gerund)
Sentence 3 (Why?)
The authors purpose is to _____________________________________________
(D-verb / used as infinitive)
__________________________ in order to/so that ________________________
Sentence 4 (To Whom?)
The author writes in a _____________ style for___________________________
(his/her audience, the readers of)
and others interested in the topic of ___________________________________ .
(The point of the essay etc )
These are merely suggestions. Feel free to use other words.
book review, editorial,
comparing / contrasting
listing, arguing, showing,
out, highlighting the fact
call attention to,
The Letters start here.
Hello, Cross-Cultural students, I am writing to express my views on how some of you have conducted yourself in this university course you are taking with me. It is not uncommon for some-to-many American students, who typically, are first-generation college students, to not fully understand, and maybe not even appreciate the purpose of a university. Some students erroneously believe a university is just an extension of high school, where students are spoon-fed soft topics and dilemmas to confront, regurgitate the right answers on exams (right answers as deemed by the instructor or a textbook), and then move on to the next course.
Not only is this not the purpose of a university (although it may feel like it is in some of your other courses), it clearly is not the purpose of my upper-division course on Cross-Cultural Psychology. The purpose of a university, and my course in particular, is to struggle intellectually with some of life’s most difficult topics that may not have one right answer, and try to come to some conclusion about what may be the better answer (It typically is not the case that all views are equally valid; some views are more defensible than others). Another purpose of a university, and my course in particular, is to engage in open discussion in order to critically examine beliefs, behaviors, and customs. Finally, another purpose of a university education is to help students who typically are not accustomed to thinking independently or applying a critical analysis to views or beliefs, to start learning how to do so. We are not in class to learn facts and simply regurgitate the facts in a mindless way to items on a test. Critical thinking is a skill that develops over time. Independent thinking does not occur overnight. Critical thinkers are open to having their cherished beliefs challenged, and must learn how to defend their views based on evidence or logic, rather than simply pounding their chest and merely proclaiming that their views are valid. One characteristic of the critical, independent thinker is being able to recognize fantasy versus reality; to recognize the difference between personal beliefs which are nothing more than personal beliefs, versus views that are grounded in evidence, or which have no evidence.
Last class meeting and for 15 minutes today, we addressed religious bigotry. Several points are worth contemplating: Religion and culture go hand in hand. For some cultures, they are so intertwined that it is difficult to know with certainty if a specific belief or custom is cultural or religious in origin. The student in class tonight who proclaimed that my class was supposed to be about different cultures (and not religion) lacks an understanding about what constitutes culture. (of course, I think her real agenda was to stop my comments about religion).
Students in my class who openly proclaimed that Christianity is the most valid religion, as some of you did last class, portrayed precisely what religious bigotry is. Bigotsracial bigot or religious bigotsnever question their prejudices and bigotry. They are convinced their beliefs are correct. For the Christians in my class who argued the validity of Christianity last week, I suppose I should thank you for demonstrating to the rest of the class what religious arrogance and bigotry looks like. It seems to have not even occurred to you (I’m directing this comment to those students who manifested such bigotry), as I tried to point out in class tonight, how such bigotry is perceived and experienced by the Muslims, the Hindus, the Buddhists, the non-believers, and so on, in class, to have to sit and endure the tyranny of the masses (the dominant group, that is, which in this case, are Christians).
The male student who stood up in class and directed the rest of the class to not participate by not responding to my challenge, represented the worst of education. For starters, the idea that a personstudent or instructorwould instruct other students on how to behave, is pretty arrogant and grossly disrespects the rights of other students who can and want to think for themselves and decide for themselves whether they want to engage in the exchange of ideas or not. Moreover, this let’s just put our fingers in our ears so we will not hear what we disagree with is appallingly childish and exemplifies anti-intellectualism. The purpose of a university is to engage in dialogue, debate, and exchange ideas in order to try and come to some meaningful conclusion about an issue at hand. Not to shut ourselves off from ideas we find threatening.
Universities hold a special place in society where scholarly-minded folks can come together and discuss controversial, polemic, and often uncomfortable topics. Universities, including UCF, have special policies in place to protect our (both professors and students) freedom to express ourselves. Neither students nor professors have a right to censor speech that makes us uncomfortable. We’re adults. We’re at a university. There is no topic that is off-limits for us to address in class, if even only remotely related to the course topic. I hope you will digest this message, and just as important, will take it to heart as it may apply to you.
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