# COMM 104 University of Saskatchewan Statistics Hypothesis Testing Exam Practice Questions 1. [20 marks] For each of the following statements, identify whe

COMM 104 University of Saskatchewan Statistics Hypothesis Testing Exam Practice Questions

1. [20 marks] For each of the following statements, identify whether the statement is true or false, and explain why. Please limit each response to no more than 2 sentences.

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COMM 104 University of Saskatchewan Statistics Hypothesis Testing Exam Practice Questions 1. [20 marks] For each of the following statements, identify whe
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a) The probability that a continuous random variable takes a specific value is 0.

b) Statistical inference is the process of drawing conclusions about unknown statistics by using known parameters.

c) The terms “histogram” and “bar graph” are synonyms.

d) If two events A and B are independent, then there is no overlap between the events on a Venn diagram.

e) The standard deviation of the number 10 is 1.

f) A weighted mean is preferred over an unweighted mean (i.e. a regular sample mean) when each observation has its own unique weight.

g) A z-score is a percentile.

h) Assuming the population is normally distributed, the standard deviation of the sampling distribution of the sample mean will always be less than or equal to the population standard deviation.

i) If the sample size increases, but p stays the same, then the standard deviation of the sampling distribution of the sample proportion decreases.

j) Extreme values should always be excluded from subsequent analysis.

2. [10 marks] A company wants the population mean length of their product to be 5 inches. The company knows the population standard deviation of the length of each product is 0.25 inches, and that the lengths are normally distributed. A quality assurance analyst wants to determine if the manufacturing process results in products that are too short. The analyst gets a sample of 10 units of product, and calculates a sample mean length of 4.75 inches.

Conduct a hypothesis test to determine if the products are too short on average. Show all 5 steps of hypothesis testing. Show all of your work. When you calculate the test statistic, show all of the following: the equation you use, how you plug in, and your final rounded answer (remember, z-scores are always rounded to 2 decimal places). Hint: follow the format shown in Chapter 8.

3. [10 marks] Crave is a large subscription-based internet streaming service for movies

and television shows. Suppose the proportion of Saskatchewanians who have a Crave

subscription is 0.15. Suppose the population of Rosetown, Saskatchewan is 2700 people.

a) What is the probability that between 14% and 17% of people in Rosetown, Saskatchewan have a Crave subscription? Round your standard deviation to 4 decimal places. Hint: look at Example 6 in Chapter 7 of the posted textbook. [7 marks]

1) The distribution your random variable follows
2) The probability you are asked to calculate

3) Any tricks you use

4) Your rounded z-score (remember to round your z-score to 2 decimal places)

b) What is the probability that more than 18% of people in Rosetown, Saskatchewan have a Crave subscription? Use your standard deviation from part a). [3 marks]

1) The probability you are asked to calculate (no need to specify the distribution – it’s the same as in part a))

2) Any tricks you use

3) Your rounded z-score (remember to round your z-score to 2 decimal places)

4. [10 marks] Suppose a carnival director in a certain city imposes a patron height limit on an amusement park ride called Terror Mountain, due to safety concerns. Patrons must be at least 4 feet tall to ride Terror Mountain. Suppose patrons’ heights in this city follow a Normal distribution with a mean of 4.4 feet and a standard deviation of 0.8 feet (patrons are mostly children).

Note: make sure to show all of your work in this question. Show the distribution that your random variable follows; state the probability you are asked to calculate; show any tricks you use; show how you standardize, show your rounded z-score (round to 2 decimal places), and state your found value from Table A4.

a) What is the probability that a randomly selected patron would be tall enough to ride Terror Mountain? [5 marks]

b) A group of 3 friends want to ride Terror Mountain. What is the probability that their mean height is greater than 4.5 feet? [5 marks] COMM 104 Web
Final Exam
Winter 2020
Questions
1. [20 marks] For each of the following statements, identify whether the statement is true or
false, and explain why. Please limit each response to no more than 2 sentences.
a) The probability that a continuous random variable takes a specific value is 0.
b) Statistical inference is the process of drawing conclusions about unknown statistics by using
known parameters.
c) The terms “histogram” and “bar graph” are synonyms.
d) If two events A and B are independent, then there is no overlap between the events on a
Venn diagram.
e) The standard deviation of the number 10 is 1.
f) A weighted mean is preferred over an unweighted mean (i.e. a regular sample mean) when
each observation has its own unique weight.
g) A z-score is a percentile.
h) Assuming the population is normally distributed, the standard deviation of the sampling
distribution of the sample mean will always be less than or equal to the population standard
deviation.
i) If the sample size increases, but p stays the same, then the standard deviation of the sampling
distribution of the sample proportion decreases.
j) Extreme values should always be excluded from subsequent analysis.
2. [10 marks] A company wants the population mean length of their product to be 5 inches. The
company knows the population standard deviation of the length of each product is 0.25 inches,
and that the lengths are normally distributed. A quality assurance analyst wants to determine if
the manufacturing process results in products that are too short. The analyst gets a sample of
10 units of product, and calculates a sample mean length of 4.75 inches.
Conduct a hypothesis test to determine if the products are too short on average. Show all 5
steps of hypothesis testing. Show all of your work. When you calculate the test statistic, show
all of the following: the equation you use, how you plug in, and your final rounded answer
(remember, z-scores are always rounded to 2 decimal places). Hint: follow the format shown in
Chapter 8.
COMM 104 Web
Final Exam
Winter 2020
3. [10 marks] Crave is a large subscription-based internet streaming service for movies
and television shows. Suppose the proportion of Saskatchewanians who have a Crave
subscription is 0.15. Suppose the population of Rosetown, Saskatchewan is 2700 people.
a) What is the probability that between 14% and 17% of people in Rosetown, Saskatchewan
have a Crave subscription? Round your standard deviation to 4 decimal places. Hint: look at
Example 6 in Chapter 7 of the posted textbook. [7 marks]
1) The distribution your random variable follows
2) The probability you are asked to calculate
3) Any tricks you use
4) Your rounded z-score (remember to round your z-score to 2 decimal places)
b) What is the probability that more than 18% of people in Rosetown, Saskatchewan have a
Crave subscription? Use your standard deviation from part a). [3 marks]
1) The probability you are asked to calculate (no need to specify the distribution – it’s
the same as in part a))
2) Any tricks you use
3) Your rounded z-score (remember to round your z-score to 2 decimal places)
4. [10 marks] Suppose a carnival director in a certain city imposes a patron height limit on an
amusement park ride called Terror Mountain, due to safety concerns. Patrons must be at least
4 feet tall to ride Terror Mountain. Suppose patrons’ heights in this city follow a Normal
distribution with a mean of 4.4 feet and a standard deviation of 0.8 feet (patrons are mostly
children).
Note: make sure to show all of your work in this question. Show the distribution that
your random variable follows; state the probability you are asked to calculate; show any
tricks you use; show how you standardize, show your rounded z-score (round to 2
decimal places), and state your found value from Table A4.
a) What is the probability that a randomly selected patron would be tall enough to ride Terror
Mountain? [5 marks]
b) A group of 3 friends want to ride Terror Mountain. What is the probability that their mean
height is greater than 4.5 feet? [5 marks]

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