Job-Search Strategy on the Open Market questions HW due-15.3-answer all 16 questions on p.544-545 introspectively–at least 2-3 sentences per questionI upload the pictures with questions Chapter 15: The Job Search and R sums in the Digital Age
full-time positions. One recent study revealed that 60 percent of students who completed
paid internships were offered full-time jobs.
– Interview someone in your chosen field. People are usually flattered
when asked to
describe their careers. Inquire about needed skills, required courses, financial and other
rewards, benefits, working conditions, future trends, and entry requirements.
Volunteer with a nonprofit organization. Many colleges and universities encourage
nonprofits appreciate the expertise and fresh ideas that
service learning. In volunteering their services, students gain valuable experience, and
• Monitor the classified ads. Early in your college career, begin monitoring want ads
and the websites of companies in your career area. Check job availability, qualifications
sought, duties, and salary ranges. Don’t wait until you are about to graduate to see how
the job market looks.
Join professional organizations in your field. Frequently, professional organizations
offer student memberships at reduced rates. Such memberships can provide inside infor-
mation on issues, career news, and jobs. Student business clubs and organization such
as Phi Beta Lambda can also provide leadership development trainings, career tips, and
LEARNING OBJECTIVE 2
Develop savvy search strate-
gies by recognizing job sources
and using digital tools to
explore the open job market.
Developing a Job-Search Strategy
Focused on the Open Job Market
Once you have analyzed what you want in a job and what you have to offer, you are ready
to focus on a job-search strategy. You’re probably most interested in the sources of today’s
jobs. Figure 15.2 shows the job source trends revealed by a Right Management survey of
between 46,000 and 55,000 job seekers over a period of six years. Surprisingly, despite
the explosion of digital job sources, person-to-person networking remains the No. 1
tool for finding a position. The job search, however, is changing, as the figure shows. The
line between online and traditional networking blurs as technology plays an increas-
ingly significant role. Carly McVey, Right Management executive, says, “Online social
networking may not always separate from traditional networking since one so often
leads to the other.”
Both networking and online searching are essential tools in locating jobs. But where are
those jobs? The open job market consists of jobs that are advertised or listed. The hidden job
market consists of jobs that are never advertised or listed. Some analysts and authors claim
that between 50 and 80 percent of all jobs are filled before they even make it to online job
boards or advertisements.” Those openings are part of the hidden job market, which we
will explore shortly. First, let’s start where most job seekers start–in the open job market.
Searching the Open Job Market
The openjob market consists of positions that are advertised orlisted publicly. Most job seekers
start searching the open job market by using the Internet. Searching online is a common.
but not always fruitful, approach. Both recruiters and job seekers complain about online job
boards. Corporate recruiters say that the big job boards bring a flood of candidates, many of
whom are not suited for the listed jobs. Job candidates grumble that listings are frequently
outdated and fail to produce leads. Some career advisors call these sites black holes, into which
résumés vanish without a trace. Almost as worrisome is the fear that an applicant’s identity
may be stolen through information posted at big boards.
Although the Internet may seem like a giant swamp where résumés disappear into
oblivion, many job counselors encourage job seekers to spend a few minutes each day tracking
online openings in their fields and locales. Moreover, job boards provide valuable job-search
information such as résumé, interviewing, and salary tips. Job boards also serve as a jumping-
off point in most searches. They inform candidates about the kinds of jobs that are available
and the skill sets required.
Chapter 15: The Job Search and R sums in the Digital Age
ods to b92104
• How important are working environment, colleagues, and job stimulation?
Must you work in a specific city, geographical area, or climate?
Are you looking for security, travel opportunities, money, power, or prestige? van
• How would you describe the perfect job, boss, and coworkers?
Assessing Your Qualifications in one place at seasons
Beyond your interests and goals, take a good look at your qualifications. Remember that today’s
job market is not so much about what you want, but what the employer wants. What assets do
you have to offer? Your responses to the following questions will target your thinking as well
as prepare a foundation for your résumé. Always keep in mind, though, that employers seek
more than empty assurances; they will want proof of your qualifications.de
– What technology skills can you present? What specific software programs are you familiar
with, what Web experience do you have, and what social media skills can you offer?
Do you communicate well in speech and in writing? How can you verify these talents?
• What other skills have you acquired in school, on the job, or through activities? How can
you demonstrate these skills?
• Do you work well with people? Do you enjoy teamwork? What proof can you offer?
Consider extracurricular activities, clubs, class projects, and jobs.
Are you a leader, self-starter, or manager? What evidence can you offer? What leadership
roles have you held?
Do you speak, write, or understand another language?
. Do you learn quickly? Are you creative? How can you demonstrate these characteristics?
• What unique qualifications can you offer that make you stand out among candidates?
Exploring Career Opportunities for mere 100
The job picture in the United States is extraordinarily dynamic and flexible. On average,
workers between ages eighteen and thirty-eight in the United States will have ten different
employers over the course of their careers. The median job tenure of wage earners and salaried
workers is 4.4 years with a single employer. Although you may be frequently changing jobs
in the future (especially before you reach age forty), you still need to train for a specific career
now. In exploring job opportunities, you will make the best decisions when you can match
your interests and qualifications with the requirements and rewards of specific careers. Where
can you find the best career data? Here are some suggestions:
Visit your campus career center. Most campus career centers have literature, inventories,
career-related software programs, and employment or internship databases that allow
you to explore such fields as accounting, finance, office technology, information systems,
hotel management, and so forth. Some have well-trained job counselors who can tailor
their resources to your needs. They may also offer career exploration workshops, job skills
seminars, career days with visiting companies, assistance with résumé preparation, and
Search the Web. Many job-search sites such as Monster, CareerBuilder, and
CollegeGrad-offer career-planning information and resources. You will learn about some
of the best career sites in the next section.
Use your library. Print and online resources in your library are especially helpful. Consult
O’NET Occupational Information Network, Dictionary of Occupational Titles, Occupational
Outlook Handbook, and Jobs Rated Almanac for information about job requirements,
qualifications, salaries, and employment trends.
Take a summer job, internship, or part-time position in your field. Nothing is better
than trying out a career by actually working in it or in a related area. Many companies
offer internships and temporary or part-time jobs to begin training college students and
to develop relationships with them. Unsurprisingly, lots of those internships turn into
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