NSUL Impact of Operation Room Management on Surgical Procedures Research Paper Using the information in your literature review put together a research proposal for an area of research in your problem/topic area. Make sure you have a defined Introduction – Problem – Theoretical Framework – Summary (of basis for proposal) – Method – Design – Sample – Instruments – Procedures – Application of Anticipated Findings, and any other relevant information that you feel should be included. 1
This is the professor note for the Lit Review
Thank you for providing copies of all your articles so any questions I had could be answered. I
always like to review at least one article within the Lit Review.
Your Literature is very well put together. You received a 90 on the assignment. Your overall
grade in the class at this point is a 90%.
You were able to demonstrate a clear understanding of your topic concerning operating room
management and patient outcomes. You are well positioned now to use the literature you
have reviewed to write a research proposal of your own. I am curious to see what you
specifically focus on for your own hypothesis within your proposal, especially since you have a
nice selection of ideas around operating room management. Please let me know if you have
any questions or concerns as you move to the Research Proposal.
Chernov, M., Pullockaran, J., Vick, A., Leyvi, G., & Delphin, E. (2016). Integrated Practice
Improvement Solutions—Practical Steps to Operating Room Management.
The title of the research is clearly stated; this is because the title is approached in two
ways. The first approach tells the reader the general topic of the study, which is integrated
practice improvement solutions. The second part of the title hints the user on the specific
approach of the research, which is practical steps to operating Room Management. This two-way
approach is commendable as it signals to the reader on what to expect. Ir directly tells the reader
what will be discussed throughout the paper. The reader then starts reading the articles with a
clear picture of what to expect in mind. It further improves the reader’s engagement with the
document leading to deeper understanding.
Considering the educational achievement of every author of the article, they seem
qualified for the study. They all have a minimum of a master’s degree. It is a sign of competency
to conduct the research satisfactorily. Moreover, it is crucial to note that their academic
qualifications are directly linked to the area of study. This is a massive sign that the authors all
have tremendous experiences in this matter and that they are more than capable of delivering an
effective research paper.
The researchers do not distinctively section the problem statement. However, there is a
slight mention of the study problem in the study abstract. It indicates that the researchers
understood the study problem. However, the fact that they did not subsection it as a mini title
suggests that the problem was not well captured for the study. Moreover, it implies that the
researchers were only interested in directly addressing the issue without actually making the
reader understand the question entirely. They should have had a specific problem section set
aside to discuss the problem in greater depths, not only for the sake of the paper but also for the
sake of the reader. A clear problem statement indicates that the reader would relate more to the
Review of Literature
Also, there is no clear subtitle for a literature review section within the study. However,
the approach to the literature review is evident in the methodology sections of the research. It is
also apparent through the methodological approach that the researchers preferred primary
information and data over the secondary data. Nonetheless, both data were used. It is noticeable
that most of the referenced materials are from the current century. However, some old references
were also used; these include studies dating back to the 1990s, which is not ideal for medical
The research’s structure is averagely appealing. A theoretical approach is applied in the
use of Integrated Practice Improvement Solutions (IPIS). It indicates that the research’s plan and
approach were well defined. Moreover, the reader doesn’t have to strain to understand the
approach for the study. Also, the framework-effectiveness of this paper is evidenced. The authors
do a great job of discussing all the essential concepts of the research throughout the article.
All the prementioned hypotheses were dully discussed throughout the study. The purpose
of the research is stated right from the research’s title. The researchers also do a great job of
ensuring that the whole research focuses on addressing these hypotheses and study purposes. The
hypotheses were tested, and conclusions made, which further highlights the research’s
Numerous assumptions were used during the research. Using IPIS, a model to improve
the efficiency of the Operating Room (OR), it was assumed that other significant factors
remained constant. These factors include the professionalism of the healthcare providers and the
medical technology used.
The research only lists the key terms of the study, without explicitly explaining what they
are for the sake of a novice reader. A word like OR efficiency will be troubling to a student
researcher who wants to get information. It is a medical term, and a slight explanation would
assist in the comprehension of the study.
The sampling procedure is well defined. A group of patients was sampled and observed
before the application of IPIS. Another population group was studied after the implementation of
the model as well. Only surgical rooms were considered as relevant research domains.
The method of data collection was not explicitly mentioned. However, it is quite clear
that the method of direct observation was used to collect information and critical data. The
observation was an ideal method for the research because, considering the nature of the study,
this was the ideal approach as it is cheap, fast, and most effective for this type of research.
The method of research involved a direct observation method. The observation was
aimed at studying whether the efficiency of Operating rooms could be improved. The IPIS model
was approached to bring the desired difference. One study was done without the model, and then
another study was done with the inclusion of the model.
The findings were indeed corresponding and crucial with the objective of the whole
research. It is evidenced by the fact that previous studies done around similar subjects hugely
support this research. It is clear from the study that the inclusion of the IPIS model had a
significant influence on the efficiency of the Operating room.
The findings of the study are quite significant. It is because the research has shown that
the inclusion of the model can improve the efficiency of services offered in the OR. The study
proved to be significant to the medical field at large since the findings of the study can be applied
directly to the practice, which will undoubtedly improve the services and experiences of both
patients and medical officers.
Gupta, D. (2007). Surgical Suites’ Operations Management.
The title of the study is not directly clear. It is because it is a general topic (Surgical Suite’s
Operations Management), as it does not offer a specific perception and approach of what the
research will cover. It further means that the readers would have a difficult time while reading
the paper. A great title is the one that explicitly offers a specific image of what is to be expected
in the article. Unfortunately, in this document, the authors don’t achieve this objective, implying
that the readers will have a difficult time accessing and relating to the paper. That is the power of
a great, inclusive, and specific title.
The author of the article is well competent to offer reliable research. It is because the
author, Diwakar Gupta, is a graduate in programming Industrial and Systems Engineering,
Minnesota University, from the Department of Mechanical Engineering. His area of expertise is
directly linked to the topic of research. It is, therefore, logical that the individual is capable of
delivering excellent research.
The researcher does not subsection a problem subtopic for the research. It is, therefore,
hard for a novice or a regular researcher to quickly identify the problem statement of the study.
Even though the researcher mentions the problem lightly within the abstract, it is not entirely
enough to help a reader understand the problem statement at a glance. It also implies that the
researcher was only focused on diving directly to answer the question without ensuring that the
reader has fully understood the problem statement that is being discussed. For the sake of the
novice reader and a regular researcher, the author should have explicitly set a subtopic aside that
explains the problem statement being answered in the question. It would have improved the
engagement of the researcher with the study.
Review of Literature
There is no defined subtopic for the literature review within the research. Everything has
been put together, especially within the lengthy introduction. However, the author discusses
some pieces of literature that are related to the topic. These references include several current
studies that are so appropriate, considering the dynamism of the science industry. Nonetheless,
the researcher also includes older references from the late 90s, which is not entirely advisable.
The structure of the research is below average. It is because the author only introduces the
study and then gets directly into discussing the problem and the research. He does don offer an
excellent outline for the study. As a result, the research is not user friendly and appealing.
However, the author tries to address most of the significant concepts about the research
throughout the paper. The paper would have been more effective only if the author had focused
on organizing the paper to create a desirable framework, just for the reader’s sake.
It is evident from the research that the individual has done a great job of mentioning the
purpose of the research right from the beginning through the abstract. He spends the remaining
part of the study directly expounding on the essential objectives of the study. Nonetheless, the
paper would have been more engaging to the reader if the author would have created a subtopic
that explicitly discusses the purposes and the hypotheses of the research. Also, listing the
hypotheses in bullet/point forms rather than in paragraphs would have been more effective.
The author approaches some key but basic assumptions to conduct the research. For
instance, the researcher assumes that it is a fact that all surgical doctors need the operation’s suit
to perform a medical operation. Also, the researcher assumes that there must be problems that
medical officers go through with their suits while operating on patients. He turns this assumption
into his research hypothesis.
The study utilizes complex medical terms. However, the researcher only lists these terms
in the (keywords) section but fails to describe what these terms mean. It could prove difficult for
a novice researcher or reader to understand these terms. Some of these words include surgical
sequencing and scheduling and elective surgery bookings.
The research does a commendable job in selecting the managers of surgical suites and the
surgical doctors as the primary sample participants. It is ideal as it includes those significant
populations that mostly use the surgical suites and, as a result, face problems while using the
The method of data collection is not clearly defined. It is because everything has been
bundled up together introduction section and within the main subsections of the research.
However, the researcher opted for secondary data found within the chosen resources.
The researcher mainly approaches the reference materials for critical concepts within the
methodology. However, the methodology section is not explicitly sub sectioned as an
The findings showed that the problem with surgical suits is just one of the many issues
clinicians face while in the OR. However, an application of OR models could play considerable
roles in reducing these issues. He, therefore, recommends this approach. It is a well-defined
research finding. Also, the author does an impeccable job by suggesting research areas that other
researchers can focus upon and further improve the experience of patients and medical doctors
within the medical field.
The author concluded that different problems exist within the Operating room. To help
improve this situation, he advises a lot of research to be focused on addressing the issues in the
OR. However, he suggests that data analysis researches have made some efforts to address this
issue. It is a relevant conclusion towards the field of study. The research is, therefore, validated
Higgins, V., Bryant, M., Villanueva, E., & Kitto, S. (2011). Managing and avoiding delay in
operating theatres: a qualitative, observational study.
The title is specific and direct. A researcher can easily understand what the paper will be
talking about by having a glimpse at the research title. It is not a general topic. Furthermore, the
topic is divided into two sections. The section that informs the reader what the research will
entail(managing and avoiding delay in operating theatres). The second part of the title informs
the reader about the approach that will be used to conduct this study (A qualitative, observational
study). It is ideal as it guides the reader. A specific title like this one is important to the reader as
it provides a general framework of expectations for the readers. It prepares the readers for what
to expect throughout the paper.
From the description, all the authors hold Ph.D. titles on courses that are directly related
to the study title. It indicates that the authors are capable of providing commendable work. It also
shows that the researchers have adequate skills and knowledge to complete the study adequately.
Mentioning the academic achievement does a great responsibility of clearing doubts that the
paper could face from readers. Also, mentioning the education achievement puts the paper safe
from issues regarding credibility and quality.
The research does not have an explicitly indicated problem statement section in the study.
However, the problem statement is incorporated within the study’s abstract, which suggests that
the authors didn’t spend their time to understand and describe the problem for the research
adequately. They were only concerned about offering solutions to the study. Moreover, it implies
that the researchers were only interested in directly addressing the problem without actually
making the reader understand the question entirely. They should have had a specific problem
section set aside to discuss the issue in greater depths, not only for the sake of the paper but also
for the sake of the reader. A clear problem statement indicates that the reader would relate more
to the article.
Review of Literature
The study also lacks an objectively defined literature review section. The approach to the
literature review is, however, evidenced through the inclusion of the secondary resources in the
references. These references are used throughout the paper. It is not a perfect approach, though,
as the reader will have to strain to get access to the literature used in the research. Moreover, the
authors do a great job of ensuring that most of the research references are current and significant
to the study. Nonetheless, other older research, even from the late 90s, has been included for
referencing. It is not ideal because the science and medical world is a dynamic industry, and facts
that may have been relevant twenty years ago may prove to be irrelevant at this age.
The study’s framework is excellent as the whole paper is structured in a proper manner
that attracts and encourages the reader to continue reading the article. Significant parts of the
research are explicitly subsections and highlighted to guide the reader while accessing the paper.
Also, it is essential to note that the authors did a great job in the paper by ensuring that most of
the critical concepts regarding the paper are dully focused on and discussed throughout the
The authors explicitly stated the purposes of the paper earlier within the abstract. The
research then focuses on addressing these objectives throughout the article. Moreover, the
hypotheses are listed in paragraph forms. It is not the greatest of approaches anyway. It would
have been more efficient if the authors listed the hypotheses in point forms rather than in
paragraphs. Nonetheless, the authors did an exemplary job in addressing these hypotheses as
they were tested adequately.
The authors applied appropriate assumptions to the study, even though they were not
explicitly mentioned. For instance, the authors assumed that surgical physicians are well
equipped and that the delay in surgical work is not related to the competencies of the clinical
workers whatsoever. Also, the authors assumed that the tools of surgical operations function
optimally and that the only causes for delays are due to the processes of operations within the
The research only highlighted some of the critical medical terminologies within the
keywords section. However, a clear description of these terms is not provided, which makes it
inconvenient for novice learners and researchers to relate and grasp the knowledge. Some of
these words include organizational efficiency and professional autonomy.
The research sampled two hospitals within the Australian region. One of the hospitals
was a metropolitan one while the other one was a regional hospital. It is a spectacular approach
for research because it provides ranges for the inclusion of all types of data. The broader the
scope of research, the more effective the research is to real life. The sample size of the study is
30, which is an acceptable data range for such a study.
The data was collected through the processes of direct observations of patients and the
surgical rooms. The information collected was then recorded inappropriate table formats and
recorded as either metropolitan od regional hospital data. It is an example of an effective data
collection method as it is sectioned accurately for easy analysis.
The research objectively lists the section for methodology, which is an excellent approach
as it improves the overall structure and framework of the paper. Moreover, the research
approaches primary data collectin by the process of a qualitative, observational method. It is an
excellent approach since most primary data are always free from credibility issues as compared
to secondary data.
The research also has a findings section that explicitly mentions the research findings.
Moreover, the results were relevant to the objectives of the study. Also, the findings of the study
were supported by other studies mentioned in the references list. It is also interesting that the
authors provided the recommendations for future works within the same area. It is a
comprehensive statement of findings.
The research did an excellent job of identifying operational activities that contribute to
delay and time consumption within the Operating Room. Moreover, it provides credible
recommendations for strategies that can be approached to reduce these time delays.
Luo, L., Luo, Y., & Qin, C. (2016). Admission Control Policies for Surgery Patients.
The authors did a great job of writing the research topic. It is specific and straightforward
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