PSYCH2314 San Antonio College Depression in Pregnancy Paper The paper is a completed paper from a previous course that I will be using to complete this ter

PSYCH2314 San Antonio College Depression in Pregnancy Paper The paper is a completed paper from a previous course that I will be using to complete this term paper in this course. the topic is depression in pregnancy. I will need to edit the work to fit the criteria of the rubric as well as add in the DSM-5 source to contribute to the references and arguments of my paper. attached is the paper, abstract and references already completed. please add in a page of criteria from the DSM-5 as a contribution.


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How to Write a Term Paper in Mr. Little’s Class

Here’s the deal on how to get either a passing or a very good grade on your term

paper assignment. Read this document and follow the rules and guidelines and you

should do well. The paper has two purposes; one is to have you use the American Psychological Associations (APA) rules for formatting and documenting a paper and the other is to have you do some research and write a college level paper on some subject

pertaining to psychology.

The Basics

The paper must follow the APA standards for writing a paper. These can be

found on one of many websites, in hard copy in the library or in an inexpensive

booklet at most bookstores. It will be your responsibility to check these out.

Format includes things like page types, font type and size, margins, running

headers and page numbers.

There are specific ways to format your citations and references and you will

need to follow those.

You will need to submit an


The body of the paper will be five [5]

full typewritten pages in length.

The paper will be double spaced.

A separate reference page will be attached. [does not count towards the 5


Simply the paper will be organized as follows:

Title Page

Abstract page

Body of Report [5 pages required]

oIntroduction [5% of grade]

oContent [70% of grade]

o Summary [5% of grade]

APA formatting to include appropriate citations, references, margins

font, running head and organization as noted above [20%]

One-inch margins and 12-point font will be the standard. .

The paper will contain at least five (5) references. You may not use Wikipedia

or WebMD as one of your 5 references. You may use no more than 2 purely

Internet sources. [Examples of purely internet sources include things like Ask Dr.

Phil, Jeeves, etc.] Check with me if you have any questions about sources.

The textbook may not be used as one of the 5 required references. It may be

used in addition to the other references if appropriate. [Example: it may be your 6


Staple your pages together and be sure your name is on each page.

There may be a specific additional reference requirement based on the topic you

select. Additional information is included in a separate document. Pay close

attention to the requirements if your instructor requires you to use this.

At the end of this document is a table in blue. Copy and paste it into the

references page of your paper.

Your term papers will be graded using the following guideline:

1. Introductory Section = 5% of total grade for paper Your opening section should tell me what your paper will be about and how you will organize it. If relevant it may include, why you selected this particular topic.The key to a good Introduction is including the following: A general statement about what the paper will cover. After that, briefly mention 2 or 3

of the main issues about that topic that you will cover in the body of the paper.

Citations should be included if appropriate. Spelling and grammar errors should be minimal.

Example: This paper will be about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) which is a

disorder of attention and behavior commonly found in children (APA, 2013). I chose this topic

because my younger brother has been diagnosed with it and I am interested in learning more

I will discuss how this disorder is diagnosed by psychologists and psychiatrists and include the DSM-V criteria that must be met, how this disorder is treated with medicine and behavior therapy and how ADHD impacts school performance and functioning in the family. Example: This paper will be about the effects on children of being raised in different types of families. I will discuss the psychological, educational and social effects on children from

single parent homes, two parent biological homes and blended families. I chose this topic

because I was raised in a family with my two biological parents and I am curious about the

experiences of others who did not have both parents present.

2. Body of paper = 70% of total grade

This is where you will spend the major portion of your effort. Grading will be

based on how well you address the main and subtopics that you identified in

the opening paragraph, the level of detail included and the relevancy of the

content. Points can be deducted for restating the same material more than

once without explanation.

There should be a logical progression to the material and the specific items

you identified in the introductory paragraphs should be addressed in some

detail in the body. Spelling and grammar errors should be minimal.

You must cite any sources of information you discuss in this section using the

APA format. The sources you use must be included in the references section.

Be careful to cite sources appropriately.

3. Summary Section = 5% of total grade for paper

This is the last part of the paper and should summarize the major ideas or

points you covered in the paper. If you have an opinion about the material,

this is the place to summarize it and provide the evidence to support your

opinion. All opinions should be supported by material in the paper. The

summary is NOT the place to introduce new material. Spelling and grammar

errors should be minimal.

4. Use APA Formatting 20% of total grade for paper

This includes proper referencing of your material in the body of your paper.

The paper should cite your references when you write about significant

statements of fact, significant research results and the opinions of others.


example- “nature and nurture interact in almost every well-controlled study of this phenomenon”

(Ridley, 2003).

APA format is required. Spelling and grammar errors should be


Please cut and paste the table below to your term paper when you turn it in. Place it

on the last page of your paper. That will be at the end of the references.


Max Points

Earned Points



Body of Paper








Vanessa Clark
Depression in Pregnancy
Depression should create happiness for the expectant mother. However, it sometimes
turns sour to cause depression in women. Depression in pregnancy is a serious health issue to the
expectant mother and the infant (Syka, 2015). Therefore, expectant mothers should seek medical
attention to avoid the depression that may affect her and the unborn child. Depression in women
adversely affects the child’s life after the childbirth. A child born by a depressed mother has
increased the risk of poor adaptation to stress by the child. In dealing with a depressed expectant
mother, ethical conduct is very vital to ensure that the entire process goes as expected.
Depression in pregnancy is mood disorder that leads to change in brain chemistry. This is
caused mainly by the change in hormone in a woman. It is accelerated by the difficult situations
caused by the pregnancy. This makes an expectant mother have a change in mood leading to
depression. Signs of depression in pregnancy are experienced as follows. In the two or more
weeks, the expectant mother can experience persistent sadness and experience excess or too little
sleep. Expectant mothers also experience some difficulties in concentrating as well as anxiety.
Depressed expectant mothers may have a prolonged feeling of worthlessness and guilt. She
might also develop recurring thoughts of death or hopelessness. They also experience some
changes in the eating habit.
Depression in pregnancy is a common phenomenon. About 15% of the women in
pregnancy experience depression. Depression in pregnancy experience affects the decisionmaking ability of the women. It affects the weight of the baby born and intrauterine growth
restriction. A child born from a depressed mother develops emotional problems and has
cognitive problems.
When a woman has untreated depression, she is exposed to a risk of poor parental care,
possible suicide, poor self-care and high risk of substance abuse. Untreated depression during
pregnancy exposes a woman poor nutrition, drinking and smoking which may lead to premature
birth (Chan et al. 2014). Baby born from a depressed mother are inactive and have a low level of
attention. Therefore, it is very important to treat depression in pregnancy to avoid risks in both
mother and child.
Depression in pregnancy is treatable. It is vital to seek help by contacting a health care
provider about it. There are a number of methods of treating depression in pregnancy. A patient
can use medication, light therapy or support groups. When a woman has severe depression, he or
she should use a combination of psychotherapy and medication. However, there is no
information about the best medications or drugs that cannot affect the fetus.
Treatment of the depression in pregnancy should consider ethics. Promoting the patient
best interest is vital as per the beneficences ethics. Additionally, the patient autonomy in decision
making is vital. He or she should have the right to make a decision on screening, counseling on
dealing with depression (Friedman, 2015). This will increase the chances of the patient benefit
from the therapy. Patient protection will help the child from developing some development
issues in the growth stage.
In conclusion, pregnancy should bring happiness to a woman or couples. However,
depression can cause issues to the expectant woman affecting the development of a child. It also
poses a high risk in the life of the woman and the ability to take care of her before giving birth.
Depression in pregnancy can lead to problems in child and the mother. Therefore, any form of
treatment is vital to protect the child before birth and after birth. However, ethical treatment is an
important thing to avoid causing more harm to the expectant mother that may lead to severe
Chan, J., Natekar, A., Einarson, A., & Koren, G. (2014). Risks of untreated depression in
pregnancy. Canadian Family Physician, 60, 242-244.
Friedman, S. (2015). The ethics of treating depression in pregnancy. Journal Of Primary Health
Care, 7(1), 81-83.
Syka, A. (2015). Depression in Pregnancy and Ways of Dealing. International Journal Of
Caring Sciences, 8(1), 231-237.
Depression in pregnancy is a considered a normal occurrence although there are limits
under which it would be possible to ensure that the level of depression among expectant mothers
is controlled. At least 33% of women experience clinical depression at some point during their
pregnancy although the level of depression varies significantly based on underlying risk factors
such as the social environment (Chan et al., 2014). Less number of expectant women seek medical
attention despite increased depression effects on their wellbeing. To effectively have a better
understanding of depression in pregnancy, there is need to investigate some issues that will provide
a better understanding and focus on major issues involved in depression in pregnancy. This paper
will provide an understanding of both quantitative and qualitative methods. Four testing hypothesis
will be highlighted in this case to provide a better quantitative understanding while research
questions will provide a greater understanding of qualitative understanding on depression in
Aktas, S., & Calik, K. Y. (2015). Factors affecting depression during pregnancy and the
correlation between social support and pregnancy depression. Iranian Red Crescent
Medical Journal, 17(9).
Altshuler, L. L., Cohen, L. S., Vitonis, A. F., Faraone, S. V., Harlow, B. L., Suri, R., … & Stowe,
Z. N. (2008). The Pregnancy Depression Scale (PDS): a screening tool for depression in
pregnancy. Archives of women’s mental health, 11(4), 277-285.
Andria Syka, R. N. (2015). Depression in Pregnancy and Ways of Dealing. International Journal
of Caring Sciences, 8(1), 231.
Chan, J., Natekar, A., Einarson, A., & Koren, G. (2014). Risks of untreated depression in
pregnancy. Canadian Family Physician, 60(3), 242-243.
Friedman, S. H. (2015). Ethics: The ethics of treating depression in pregnancy. Journal of
primary health care, 7(1), 81-83.
Gentile, S. (2017). Untreated depression during pregnancy: Short-and long-term effects in
offspring. A systematic review. Neuroscience, 342, 154-166.
Osborne, S., & O’Keane, V. (2009). Management of depression during pregnancy. Progress in
Neurology and Psychiatry, 13(2), 6-11.
Sexton, M. B., Bennett, D. C., Muzik, M., & Rosenblum, K. L. (2018). Resilience, Recovery,
and Therapeutic Interventions for Peripartum Women with Histories of Trauma. In
Motherhood in the Face of Trauma (pp. 115-129). Springer, Cham.

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