SO 206 Park University Unit 5 Gender Discrimination in Popular Culture Paper Directions
In this paper complete all the required activities and answer the reflection questions. This assignment will help extend your understanding of the unit topics and concepts to applications in everyday life. Please respond to all of the questions in paragraph form with the question numbers labeled. You should incorporate concepts from the readings into your answers and cite the readings as needed. The paper should be 2-3 pages
Many scholars have analysis representation gender, race, and sexuality in popular culture including two of the assigned readings in this unit. Below is a visual representation of women in popular film production. This study also argues there is an underrepresentation of women in blockbuster film narratives by analyzing DC theaters current showings. Out of the 617 showings, 561 (90%) are stories about men, 31 were movies about ensembles and 25 were movies about women and girls.
Look up the current showings here in your hometown and other metro areas.
Who are the stories about?
Who are the directors, writers, producers?
What do you observe about representation based on gender, race, age, ability, and sexuality in the current showings?
Direct Link: Women In Film- Women across Popular Films from 2007-2017 (Links to an external site.) Unit 5: Social Problems Related to
the Media and Sexuality
This unit addresses two contemporary social issues: problems related to the media and
problems related to sexuality. Our social lives today are heavily mediated. Information and
knowledge is obtained through media sources as well as social interaction, cultural learning,
and identity development. We are connected to media more today than ever before and this
results in some social problems. This unit will focus on the power of corporate media and the
concept of representation through media. The media is an agent of socialization and we learn
about our own identities and the identities of others through media images. The second topic
in this unit examines social problems related to sexuality including heterosexism and teenage
pregnancy. Both serve as strong examples of the importance of the construction of social
problems. While LGBTQ identities and teenage pregnancy have been present for centuries,
only recently have these issues been claimed and recognized as a problem. As you complete
the readings on these topics, think about the importance of historical and cultural context in
defining social problems. You may even be able to connect the importance of media too! In
addition to the textbook, there is a link provided that offers a glossary of terms related to the
LGBTQIA+ community and are more up to date than the assigned chapter from the textbook.
This is a helpful resource for the discussions and activities to promote inclusive and
Unit Learning Outcomes
At the conclusion of the unit, the learner will be able to:
Define the concepts of sexuality, heterosexism, and heterosexual privilege.
Describe the social problems resulting from heterosexism.
Explain the role of various forms of media in constructing social problems.
Describe how the media can be an agent of cultural change.
Readings and Materials
1. Chapters 5 and 9.2 in Social Problems: Continuity and Change
2. Hatton, E., & Trautner, M. (2011). Equal Opportunity Objectification? The Sexualization
of Men and Women on the Cover of Rolling Stone. Sexuality & Culture, 15(3), 256–
278. (Links to an external site.)(PDF/HTML Full Text)
1. Human Rights Campaign | Glossary of Terms
Social Problems related to
the Media and Sexuality
How does power and privilege impact
inequalities based on sexuality?
How does the media shape culture and identities?
Is corporate media connected to systems of
How do we define Sex?
Sex: A Biological Issue
Sex is the biological distinction between females and males. The
term sex also refers to activity that leads to sexual gratification and
possibly repro- duction.
Sex: A Cultural Issue
There are norms surrounding sexual behaviors including age (some
socie- ties accept sexual activity on the part of children, although
others define such behavior as a serious problem), marital status
(some societies rigidly restrict sexual activity to married partners,
but others are more permis- sive), and sex of partner (societies
differ dramatically in their attitudes to- ward sexuality involving
people of the same sex). We learn about sex through social
interactions and process and based on our social location there is
great diversity in what we learn is “normal” and “acceptable” sexual behaviors and identities.
In US one and three women will become pregnant before the age
of 20. This results in one in seven becoming teen mothers. Defining
teenage pregnancy as social problem is a current social issue and
differs based on social loca- tion. There is a cultural shift in
definition as teen parents are now more like- ly to also be unwed
parents. This trend emerges in the 1970s as it became more
culturally acceptable to not marry as a solution to an unplanned
Thisissueisdefiningindifferentwaysbasedonregion,race, class, and
religion. Some define teenage pregnancy as immoral while others
define teenage pregnancy as a “stupid mistake”.
Key Terms related to Sexuality
1. Sexual orientation- an inherent or immutable enduring
emo- tional, romantic or sexual attraction to other
2. Homophobia- the fear and hatred of or discomfort with
peo- ple who are attracted to members of the same sex.
3. Heterosexism – negative views about, and
discriminatory practices toward, LGBT individuals and
their sexual behavior
4. Heteronormativity- the idea that heterosexuality is
normal and natural expression of sexual identity
5. Ally- a person who is not LGBTQ but shows support for
LGBTQ people and promotes equality in a variety of
Media produces and reproduces dominant cultural values and
norms. This means the media also often produces and
reproduces stereotypi- cal representations of social groups. We
“learn” about other groups through media representation and this
reproduces systems of power and inequality. Racial
representation in media is one example of this practice. After
Hurricane Katrina, to
similar images were published by the Associated Press, but the
indi- viduals on the left was described as “finding bread”
whereas the individ- ual on the right was described as “looting a
grocery store”. This ex- emplifies how stereotypes inform media
Power and Media
Media companies have capitalist goals and the many media
outlets are controlled by a relative small number of large
conglomerates. For exam- ple Disney owns ABC, ESPN,
Touchstone Pictures, Marvel, Lucasfilm, Pixar, Hollywood
Records, Core Publishing, and many other fran- chises. There
have been recent challenges to the conglomeration of media
through alternative industries including community
oriented structures of production and ownership. Two other
important con- cepts related to new media are net neutrality
(principle and practice to keep the internet free and open)
and open access (circumvents the role of publishers in
access to information).
Unit 5 To– Do List:
Read Chapter 5 and 9.2 in Social Problems Continuity
Read the article by Hatton and Trautner
• Read the article on Country Music
• Discussion board post due Wednesday 11:59pm
• Discussion board replies due Sunday 11:59pm
• Core Analysis 2: Tough Guise 2 due Sunday 11:59pm
• Reflection/Activity Paper due Sunday 11:59pm
• Sexual Behaviors
• Gender Identity
• Discrimination- bullying and violence
Unit 5 Key Concepts
• Media Misrepresentation
• Media and power
• Net neutrality
• Open Access
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